If you are an iPad user here's a link to view the slideshow. To view the Chunuk Bair youtube video Click here.

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WW100 Project

Remembering six men - Pauatahanui War Memorial:

Victor Abbott
Kenneth Boulton
Shirer Carter
Harry Death
Walter Harris
Norman Jones



Three stories for November 2014:

Arras Tunnel

Trooper John Reichart

ANZAC Cove 1916 (part two)




Lance Corporal Wilfred Singleton
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ANZAC Cove 1916
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Charles Anderson
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McKillopAC3 43 CharlesBoultonCropped LambertCropped
Doctor McKillop
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Gunner Charles Daryl Boulton
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Pilot Officer Lambert
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Daniel Anderson Wright
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Sapper Harper
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ANZAC Cove 1916
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What is ANZAC Day?
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George Henry McDermid
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Major Hughes 1958   EdgintonIDCardJustHead
Lieutenant Colonel Hughes
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Lieutenant A H Edginton
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 DallastonCropped BarronPhotoTwo
The Three Nurses
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The Smile of Victory
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NextofKinPlaque  PrivateFrankThomson1919Cropped
Dead Man's Penny
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Private Frank Thomson (part 2)
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FrankLeslieRossCropped GuideCollagex768 

Frank Leslie Ross (part 2)
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Guide to researching your family's war history
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Princess Mary's Gift
The Brass Box Contents
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The Bennett Family
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Frank Leslie Ross
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Flight Sergeant E M Corlett
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Somme House & 'Soldiers' music video
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The Sea Captains
 WW1 - 100 Years on
 Read more
Krithia - A Plimmerton Story
War time intrigue in Plimmerton 
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The Launch of the Deryck Barron
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Webb Memorial Cup
Barber / Baker (The underage recruit)
Plimmerton School Commemorates ANZAC Day
The Webb Memorial Cup
'Burial at Sea' - The story of Sergeant Harold Phillip James Childs
A Soldier's last letter from Gallipoli
Local Paremata Family and Plimmerton School Old Boy
Frank & Leslie - A father
and son go off to war
Leslie - A bit of a lad

ANZAC stories from Plimmerton School students in Mana syndicate.

  • ANZAC Day is important to me because my great grandfather was in the war and his family missed him so much and were proud of him. Tyla
  • I think ANZAC Day is important because I can think back and imagine the people who were so brave and died in the war. My great granddads went into the war and one came back and one didn't. Grace
  • ANZAC Day is important to me because it is a day I can look up into the sky and silently thank the people who sacrificed their lives for our freedom. Jessica
  • ANZAC Day is important to me because my dad's dad went to World War 2 and he came back alive. ANZAC Day is important to me because I can remember the people who went to war. Joshua
  • ANZAC Day is important to me because they sacrificed their lives for us and I like to stand next to the memorial and remember the soldiers who fell. Izzy








Barber / Baker (The underage recruit)

It took three names and three attempts for one of two brothers to finally serve on the Western Front.

With the declaration of war in 1914, thousands of New Zealand men came forward as volunteers to do what was right by ‘queen and country’. The minimum age of enlistment was 20 years and the maximum of 38 so many eager potential soldiers ‘adjusted’ their age to suit and ‘when the would-be recruit seemed a well grown, healthy fellow, the recruiting officer did not insist on the age limit being reached or winked the other eye when a youth of 18 or 19 – there have been many as low as 17 – calmly “attested” as being the full twenty.’ ‘Any youth who, after this, may get into camp will if he is discovered be court- martialled at once for supplying false information on his attestation form and be dismissed.’[i]

John Nicolas Barber was born 1 September 1897. He is listed as starting at Plimmerton School in 1906,[ii] and on 22 October 1915 Nicolas Barber (note he had dropped his first name) of Paremata attested at Trentham for the C Squadron of the Wellington Mounted Rifles – stating on his paperwork that his date of birth as 5 September 1894 and his employment as a farm hand working for Mr Vella, also of Paremata. In his medical file he is described as Roman Catholic, 5 foot 4 inches, fit, with brown hair and grey eyes, 145 pounds and a chest measurement of 32 inches. [iii]

Initially taken onto the rolls as #16369, Trooper Barber of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles was due to sail for overseas service on 5 December 1915. However, this file simply notes that on 8 November 1915 he was dismissed as being under aged.  The nominal roll for the NZ Mounted Rifles indicates that his next of kin was Mrs E Barber of Plimmerton. [iv]


In 27 November 1915, a Joseph Barber attested for the Mounted Rifles, giving his address as the Plimmerton Post Office, his date of birth as 5 September 1895 and his employment as a Railway Cadet. In his medical file he is described as Roman Catholic, 5 foot 3 inches, fit, with brown hair and blue eyes, 140 pounds and a chest measurement of 31 inches.[v] It appears that he was not accepted as there is no record of Joseph Barber being taken onto the rolls of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces.


On 5 May 1916, a Joseph Baker attested for the Wellington Infantry Brigade, giving his address as Plimmerton, being a farmhand  employed by a Mr Williams, his date of birth as 15 December 1895. In his medical he is described as Roman Catholic, 5 foot 4 inches. Fit, with brown hair and blue eyes, 140 pounds and a chest measurement of 32 inches. His father John Baker, of Newtown, Wellington is listed as next of kin.[vi]

#22223 Private Baker, 16th Reinforcements, J Company, Wellington Infantry Brigade departed for overseas service 20 August 1916. Private Baker arrived in England in October 1916 and spent a month training before heading to France on 15 November 1916 however, his service record shows that he was admitted to hospital in France 17 November 1916 and the service sheet then indicates the Private Baker was in and out of a number of hospitals with serious complications.

On 19 February 1917 the Wellington Evening Post reported the following ‘Advice was received on Saturday by Mr J Barber, that his youngest son Private Joseph Barber of the NZEF is lying seriously ill at the General Hospital, Etaples, France.’[vii]

Initally returned to New Zealand as medically unfit Private Baker was finally discharged on 1 May 1918 for being under aged and his service record notes that 15 May 1918 a statutory declaration was made by Joseph Baker that he was in fact Joseph Barber and all military papers, apart from Nicolas Barber, were then filed under his service record #222223 Private Joseph Baker.

Joseph Barber was born 8 May 1900[viii] and was not yet 16 when he enlisted. Joseph with his elder brother John Nicolas Barber is listed as attended Plimmerton School in 1906.

There are few records of the brothers after the war, Joseph Barber was awarded the British Empire & Victory medals and is also listed on a plaque at St Annes, Pauhatanui as Joe Barber, he may have moved permanently to Australia as in 1967 he requested, from Geelong, his service records.

It is possible that John Nicolas Barber remained in the Paremata area for some time, was married at one stage, finally dying in 1973. 






[i]1916 Marlborough Express, 2 November, Vol L, Issue 250, Page 4 – Papers Past.  

[ii] Put in reference 

[iii] 1919 Service Record   #16369 Trooper Nicolas Barber – NZ Archives. 

[iv] 1919 Nominal Roll NZ Mounted Rifles #16369 Trooper Nicolas Barber – Auckland Cenotaph Database 

[v] 1919 Service Record attachment to #22223 Private Joseph Baker – NZ Archives 

[vi] 1919 Service Record #22223 Private Joseph Baker – NZ Archives 

 [vii] 1917 Evening Post, 19 February, Vol XCIII, Issue 43, Page 8 – Papers Past,  

[viii] 1900 NZ Department Internal Affairs – Births Certificate  1900/15573 








A Soldier's last letter from Gallipoli

Isaac Harold Plimmer 1880 - 1915

The Plimmer family were instrumental in the establishment and expansion of Plimmerton. John Plimmer as a Director of the Wellington and Manawatu Railway was a driving force in the establishment of this private railway company connecting Wellington to Palmerston North. The railway line opened the West Coast of the lower North Island to expansion with the area previously known as Taupo Pa being renamed as Plimmerton in John Plimmer’s honour. 

When the railway reached Plimmerton in 1885 the area was seen as an obvious ‘Brighton of New Zealand,’ the beach resort area for people from both Palmerston North and Wellington.  It was John Plimmer’s son Charles (Chas) who built the first major accommodation, Plimmerton House, beside the Plimmerton railway station that opened to the public in 1893.

Charles children; Isaac, Ella (Girlie) and Mary (Mollie) would have spent time at Plimmerton House from 1893 possibly up to it being destroyed by fire in April 1907.


1895 Photo of Plimmerton House and the first Plimmerton Station. [i]

The Plimmer family may not have lived permanently at Plimmerton House as Isaac is listed as being schooled at the Clive Quay School before attending Wellington College, 1895 – 1897. [ii] Isaac is also listed as passing the Junior Civil Servants exams in 1898 [iii] and trained in engineering as he is listed as a mechanical engineer in the 1905-06 electoral rolls. [iv]

In 1911 Isaac Harold Plimmer is listed as purchasing 99 Boulcott Street but it is doubtful that Isaac lived at the house as he moved to Gisborne soon after its purchase. The property would later be owned by Isaac’s sister Mollie up until her death in 1958. A later owner renamed the house Plimmer House.

With the declaration of war on 4 August 1914 the mobilisation of New Zealand’s forces began and Isaac Harold Plimmer answered the call and enlisted on 14 October 1914. Service records noted that at the time of enlisting he was a Marine Engineer working for a Poverty Bay employer Jeffery Pehiri.  Following his enlistment Isaac was attached to the New Zealand Field artillery as a gunner with the NZFA, 2nd battery. [v]

The main body of the NZ Field Artillery  Force departed New Zealand on 16 October 1914, and arrived in Egypt in December 1914 and then were based Zeitoun where training and reconditioning began. In March 1915 the New Zealand Field Artillery now part of the ANZAC Corps moved to Alexander for embarkation for the landings at Gallipoli. The 2nd Battery was landed at ANZAC Cove 26/27th April 1915 and continued to support the infantry units through the following months.

2/829 Gunner Isaac Harold Plimmer [vi]

In August 1915 preparations for a major offensive, the Battle for Chunuk Bair had been completed. At 4:30 pm, 6 August 1915 the initial bombardment of Turkish positions started. It was during the first phase, after fierce fighting, that the Wellington Battalion captured Chunuk Bair on 8 August 1915 and it was on this day that Gunner Plimmer wrote what would be his final letter home. The letter contains references to ‘the great fight that was in progress’, that he had seen the charge by either the Sikhs or Gukkas which had resulted in a great number of casualties to the Turks and that his battery had been in action for some time but he was proud to do his duty. [vii]

On 9 October 1915 two gunners #2/829 Isaac Harold Plimmer and #2/673 Albert Harold Griffiths were reportedto have been Killed in Action. [viii] It is possible that both died as a result of a premature explosion of a shell from their battery as there were at least two reported occasions of this happening with the 2nd battery during the Gallipoli campaign.

Copy of the envelope for the 8/8/1915 letter.

It was after his death that the letter written in August was sent, as requested, to his family with a note next to the address stating ‘to be sent only if sender is dead’

The contents of the letter would later on the death of his father in 1931 be used in a court case to determine Isaac Harold Plimmer’s last will but only part of it (the first and last pages), were reproduced in court records. 

The letter is addressed to ‘Dear Mother and Father’ and the last page reads

“I am writing this in a hurry, things are a bit dicky, and one doesn’t know when one is going to get layed out; let’s hope when it comes it will be only a temporary nature. In case it is more permanent you must not grieve too much, for I’ll be doing my duty and that is the main thing, its one little chance one has, and one has to make the most of it. We haven’t been asked to do anything very serious up to date, but this time it will be, remember me to all my friends. I’ll not be writing any farewell letters other than this. Give my love to Girlie and Mollie and to yourselves, love and good-bye. I can’t thank you sufficiently for all you have done for me, and this is but the little I can give in return. Dad will fix my affairs. I would like him, however, to arrange what I posses to be divided equally between, himself, mother, Girlie and Mollie." [ix] 

Good Bye

Love to All

Your affectionate son

Isaac Harold Plimmer

2nd Battery NZFA

2/829  Gunner Isaac Harold Plimmer, 2nd Battery, New Zealand Field Artillery is remembered on the memorial at Chunuk Bair, Gallipoli and at the Wellington College War Memorial.


[i] 1895 Plimmerton House - Pataka, NZ Railway Collection, CD17, Film 48, C-3-2.

[ii] 2011 Wellington College Archive Records

[iii] 1898 Evening Post, Vol LV, Issue 43, February 21 - Papers Past.

[iv] 1905-1906 NZ Electoral Rolls, North Wellington.

[v] 1918 Service Record 2/829 Gunner I H Plimmert, Archives New Zealand.

[vi] 1919 Wellington College Old Boys Remembrance Book - WCOB Archives

[vii] 1931 Probate Records; Isaac Harold Plimmer; Archives NZ AAOM 6029 718/49167

[viii] 1924 NZEF Roll of Honour 1914 - 1919

[ix] 1931 Probate Records; Isaac Harold Plimmer; Archives NZ AAOM 6029 718/49167






Webb Memorial Cup – Plimmerton School

On 11 April 1921 Mr Garnham presented to Plimmerton School ‘a cup in honour of an old Plimmerton boy killed in the war’[i] The Webb Cup was then presented by Mr Garnham, 24 December 1921, to the first winner Joyce Shibbs, the Cup was in honour of Sergeant Cecil Ernest Webb who ‘fell in action on the Somme during the Great War. It was to be awarded each year to the child who stands highest in general merit, consideration being given, not only to school work, but also to punctuality, cleanliness, good manners, sport and popularity.’[ii] Early winners of the cup being, Mary Beckett 1922, Edna Young and Sybil Pack 1923, Orviss Thomson 1924, Eric Morton 1925, Molly Brady 1926, E Carpenter and E Buckland 1927, Kenneth Pickering 1928, Jean Firth 1929, Dorothy Ford 1931, Godfrey Firth 1932, Ivan Willis 1933, Rhyna Edginton  1934, Kahu Kotua 1935 and Thomas Johnson 1936.[iii]

The Webb Memorial Cup later was presented as an award to Dux Runners Up and those presented the cup are listed up until 1972.

Thomas Johnson with the Webb Memorial Cup, 1936.[iv]

There is conjecture about who the cup was in memory for while the newspaper article, 1921, mentions an old boy that fell in action at the Somme it possibly was presented in honour of Arthur Llewellyn Webb who was a school teacher and fell at the Somme rather than his brother, Cecil Ernest Webb who was killed in action in 1918. Either way it would have been very poignant to one of the recipients, Orviss Thomson. Orviss’s elder brother had adjusted his age like Arthur and had been killed in action when he was 19/20. Leslie Thomson was also a Sergeant[v] , like Cecil Webb, in the New Zealand Rifle Brigade, dying a month before Cecil on the same sector of the Front.

Webb Brothers

Two Webb brothers were killed in the Great War, the younger Arthur Llewellyn Webb, had attended Wellington College 1909 – 1911 and then had entered Victoria University. In 1914 when Arthur enlisted in the army he is listed as a School Teacher employed the Wellington Education Board.[vi] On enlistment like many other young recruits his age has been ‘adjusted’ and while he was just eighteen his service record records him as twenty.[vii]

8/724 Private Arthur Llewellyn Webb [viii]


Private Webb left for service overseas, 16 October 1914, in the Main Body of the NZEF as a Private in the Otago Infantry Battalion. Private Webb saw service at Gallipoli being wounded 8 August 1915 during the Allied assault that was to result in the taking of Chunuk Bair by the Wellingtons.[ix] It is possible that Private Webb would have met his old Head Prefect from Wellington College at ANZAC Cove with Private Childs also serving with the Otagos.[x] Private Webb was evacuated to England to recover from his wounds and then was shipped back to Moascar, Egypt where Private Webb rejoined the 1st Battalion, Otago Infantry Regiment as reinforcement. The Battalion after retraining was shipped to England and then to France arriving at the Front, April 1916. It was during the Battle of the Somme, September 1916, which Private Webb was to be fatally wounded during attacks on the Morval-Thieval Ridge, his service record contains a summary of evidence in a Field Court of Enquiry into his death. Private Lyndon of the Otago Infantry Battalion stated ‘At about 7 am; 28th September 1916 I saw 8/724 Pvt Webb in the Goose Alley Trench. A stretcher bearer informed me that Pvt Webb had been wounded in the stomach on September 27th when the 14th Coy were attacking Grid Trench. The st-br stated that owing to the nature of the wound that Pvt Webb was not to be taken down to the RAP (Regimental Aid Post) I have not seen or heard of Pvt Webb since 28th September 1916.’[xi] The Court of Enquiry, 29 November 1916, simply notes Died of Wounds received 27 September 1916. Given the total destruction on the Somme Battle Field Private Webb, like 1200 other New Zealand casualties, has no known grave and is remembered on the New Zealand Memorial at Caterpillar Valley, Wellington College’s Memorial and the Kilbirnie School Memorial where he was a teacher[xii], Private Webb and his brother are also remembered at the National War Memorial Carillion.

Cecil Earnest Webb, the elder brother, on enlistment, November 1915, is listed as a twenty-seven year old Civil Servant employed by the Mines Department in Wellington. As Private Webb, F Coy, 10th Reinforcements, New Zealand Rifle Brigade[xiii] he departed for overseas service. Private Webb was promoted to Corporal prior to arriving in France and the Front. Corporal Webb took part in the Battle of the Somme being wounded in the hip and back in the second major assault 18 September 1916 and was evacuated to England for treatment. Corporal Webb rejoined is unit and had been promoted to Sergeant when he was killed in action, 28th August 1918. 14/2116 Sergeant Cecil Ernest Webb is buried at the Vaulx Hill Cemetery, Pas de Calis.

In May 1928 the Evening Post carried a story on the naming of all the bells in the National War Memorial Carillion. Bell number 35 the ‘Rongomai’ is listed as In memory of Cecil Ernest Webb and Arthur Llewellyn Webb – given by Relatives. [xiv]

Prepared for the Plimmerton Residents Association by Allan Dodson, February 2012.

2011 Kilbirnie School War Memorial

1932 April 25 Dedication of National War Memorial

[i] 1979, Seventy-Five Years 1904-1979 Plimmerton School and its Environment, page 22.

[ii] 1921 Evening Post, Vol CII, Issue 152, 24 December, page 3 – Papers Past

[iii] 1979, Seventy-Five Years 1904-1979 Plimmerton School and its Environment, page 49.

[iv] 2004, Plimmerton School 100 years, 1904 – 2004, page 48.

[v] See also story on Leslie Thomson – A Bit of a Lad.

[vi] 1919   8/724 Private Arthur Llewellyn Webb – Service Record, Archives New Zealand.

[vii] 1919  8/724 Private Arthur Llewellyn Webb – Service Record, Archives New Zealand.

[viii] 1919 Wellington College Old Boys Remembrance Book – WCOB Archives

[ix] See also story on Isaac Harold Plimmer – Final Letter Home.

[x] See also story on Harold Phillip James Childs – Buried at Sea

[xi] 1919  8/724 Private Arthur Llewellyn Webb – Service Record, Archives New Zealand

[xii] 2011 note of website and memorial

[xiii] 1919 14/2116 Sergeant Cecil Ernest Webb – Service Record, Archives New Zealand

[xiv] 1928 Evening Post, Vol CV, Issue 118, 21 May, page 10 – Papers Past.

'Burial at Sea' - The story of Sergeant Harold Phillip James Childs by Allan Dodson September 2011.

Harold Phillip James Childs’ father, Tom Childs, was for over twenty years, the owner of Commercial Hotel in Palmerston North. Like other prominent businessmen and farmers from the Palmerston North area, the Childs family came for holidays at Plimmerton Beach  often owning their own beach house or using one of the many hotels or boarding houses in Plimmerton village.

Harold Phillip James (H P J) was the third of five sons and attended Wellington College as did his other brothers.  H P J Childs was at Wellington College between 1908 and 1911 and is noted in college records as being good at sport with particular mention being made of boxing, gymnastics and athletics where he won various competitions in schools sports events. H P J Childs was also in the 1st XV and 1st XI during his schools years captaining  both teams in 1911 the year he was Head Prefect, pictured below.[i]

Two other brothers followed Harold to Wellington College, with the youngest Stanley (Stan) also becoming a Prefect in 1921.[ii]

H P J Childs was listed as a 20 year old university student, attending Knox College, Dunedin when he enlisted in December 1914. It was assumed that he was studying medicine, as his eldest brother T W J Childs was a doctor and a younger brother C R Childs later became a doctor, but 1914 Otago records show that he was enrolled as a student in the School of Mines. HPJ Childs had maintained his sports being listed as a member of NZ University Rugby team that toured Australia in 1913; he also represented the Otago Province 1912 - 1914.[iii] HPJ Childs also is listed as a middle weight boxer for Otago University.

On enlistment H P J Childs held the rank of Sergeant, in D Company of the 3rd Reinforcements, Otago Infantry Battalion departing New Zealand in February 1915 for Egypt.[iv]

Sergeant H P J Childs 8/1429, photographed 1915 prior to overseas service [v]


The 3rd Reinforcements arrived in Egypt 27 March 1915 and H P J Childs reverted to the rank of Private when the reinforcements were incorporated into the main body of the Otago Infantry Battalion (later to be renamed the Otago Infantry Regiment). The Otago Battalion with battalions from Auckland, Wellington and Canterbury made up the New Zealand Infantry Brigade. 

The stay in Egypt was short as transports carrying the New Zealand and Australian Division left Alexandria 12 April 1915 for Mudros, a small Greek port on the island of Lemnos prior to the assault on Gallipoli.[vi]


It was the afternoon of 25 April 1915 when the Otago Infantry Battalion landed. The Battalion was initially held in Brigade support positions on Plugges Plateau. It was then moved into the firing line on Walkers Ridges. Given the confusion at ANZAC Cove, Private Childs was reported wounded between the 25th and 28th of April 1915.[vii] The service records list that Private Childs was wounded in the legs and a foot possibly from Turkish artillery that was reported to be very accurate and effective.  Another member of the Otago Infantry Battalion noted in his diary 'Ryburn turned up safely but there is no word of Adamson. I am afraid he is lost. Both Childs and McQueen are away wounded and my cousin, Lt Egglestone, is away wounded.[viii]  Private Childs was evacuated by sea to Egypt, landing at Heliopolis where he was admitted on  2 May 1915 to the 1st Australian Hospital. [ix]  Private Childs remained in hospital for six weeks and then was returned to his battalion, landing again at ANZAC Cove 26 June 1915.

The conditions at Gallipoli, on both sides, at this stage were notorious. In the summer, the heat was atrocious, and in conjunction with bad sanitation, led to so many flies that eating became extremely difficult. Corpses, left in the open, became bloated and stank. The precarious Allied bases were poorly situated and caused supply and shelter problems. A dysentery epidemic spread through the Allied trenches in both ANZAC and Helles.[x] The disease caused by extreme heat and unsanitary conditions would prove to be almost as deadly as Turkish fire.[xi]

The Otago Infantry Battalion in June / July 1915 was defending Courtney’s Post and it was into these conditions that Private Childs returned, as noted in the diary of another Otago Infantry Battalion member; 'June 27 Sunday again and we have Childs back with us - only to break down again. July 16 - Childs was again carried away on a stretcher, yesterday, quite a wreck with enteric and dysentery. He returned too soon and should have had a longer rest after his wound.[xii]

He was evacuated from the Dardanelles, 16 July 1915 with enteric fever on the Hospital Ship H S Sicilia, but died in transit to Mudros, Greece 27 July 1915 and was buried at sea. [xiii]

Private Harold Phillip James Childs is honoured at the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey and at Wellington College and on the Palmerston North War Memorial.[xiv]

Private Childs service record states that in 1921-23 his father, Tom Childs of Plimmerton was sent Private H P J Childs' medals: the 1914 - 15 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal and a named commemorative plaque and commemorative scroll given to all families who lost kin in the Great War.

Tom Childs was involved in the planning committee that was formed to provide a pavilion in Victory Park, Plimmerton which was constructed in 1926. The majority of those on the committee had either served in the World War One or had lost relatives in the conflict.

In July 2011, 70 boys and 10 staff from Wellington College returned from three weeks travel around the WW1 Memorial sites in Europe tracing the Old Boys who died in the Great War 1914 – 1918. The photo is of Rayhan Langdana Wellington College’s Head Prefect 2011[xv] placing a poppy next to the name of Harold Phillip James Childs, Head Prefect 1911 whose name is inscribed on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey.


The Lone Pine Memorial records the names of 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who fell in ANZAC Cove and have no known grave. It also records the names of 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who incurred mortal wounds or sickness and found burial at sea. 

Prepared for Plimmerton Residents' Association website by Allan Dodson


[i] Wellington College Archives Battlefield Tour 2011

[ii] Tom Childs obituary Evening Post Volume CIX, Issue 116, 20 May 1925.

[iii] Papers Past.natlib.govt.nz Evening Post items

[iv] H P J Childs service records, Archives NZ.

[v] Wellington College Archives

[vi] Otago Infantry Battalion, NZETC.org

[vii] H P J Childs service records, Archives NZ.

[viii]Pg 183 Gallipoli - The New Zealand Story; Christopher Pugsley; Reed Books 1998.

[ix] H P J Childs service record, Archives NZ.

[x] Wikipedia Gallipoli.

[xi] History of the Canterbury Regiment

[xii] Pg 258 Gallipoli - The New Zealand Story; Christopher Pugsley; Reed Books 1998.

[xiii] H P J Childs service records, Archives NZ.

[xiv] Palmerston North Library Archives

[xv] Wellington College Archives Battlefield Tour 2011

Last Updated: 17/06/2015 6:26pm